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Polish Jewry, American Jewish Immigrant Philanthropy, and the Crisis of 1929

Polish Jewry, American Jewish Immigrant Philanthropy, and the Crisis of 1929

Chapter:
(p.73) 5 Polish Jewry, American Jewish Immigrant Philanthropy, and the Crisis of 1929
Source:
1929
Author(s):
Rebecca Kobrin
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814720202.003.0006

This chapter examines the impact of the economic crisis of 1929 on the philanthropic ties between Jews in Poland and the United States during the 1920s. It begins with an overview of the origins of American Jewish immigrant philanthropy, with particular emphasis on the emergence of landsmanshaft organizations such as United Brisker Relief. It then considers how interwar mass fundraising drives by American Jews produced new myths and symbols that deviated from traditional models of Jewish charity. It also discusses the consequences of the crisis of 1929 for American Jewish immigrants and especially their philanthropic activities. It describes the year 1929 as a turning point for the transatlantic Polish–Jewish community in terms of migration and charity.

Keywords:   economic crisis, 1929, Jews, Poland, United States, philanthropy, landsmanshaft organizations, fundraising, American Jews, Jewish charity

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