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Jewish American Philanthropy and the Crisis of 1929

Jewish American Philanthropy and the Crisis of 1929

The Case of OZE-TOZ and the JDC

Chapter:
(p.93) 6 Jewish American Philanthropy and the Crisis of 1929
Source:
1929
Author(s):
Rakefet Zalashik
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814720202.003.0007

This chapter examines the impact of the financial crisis of 1929 on the Joint Distribution Committee's (JDC) relationship with the two Societies for the Protection of the Health of the Jewish People based in eastern Europe, OZE and TOZ, and on European Jews in general. More specifically, it considers the conflict that developed between the JDC and OZE-TOZ in the wake of the 1929 crisis, which was brought about by the start of the Great Depression. After tracing the history of OZE-TOZ, the chapter analyzes the degree to which the JDC depended on OZE and TOZ as well as the development of Jewish American philanthropy in eastern Europe. It also discusses the 1929 clashes between the JDC and OZE-TOZ as a reflection of the nature of cooperation between the JDC and eastern European welfare organizations, along with the underlying weaknesses of their relationship.

Keywords:   financial crisis, 1929, Joint Distribution Committee, Europe, OZE, TOZ, Great Depression, philanthropy, welfare organizations, European Jews

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